Writing Practice.Doc

WRITING TASK 1 The table below presents information about the Australian economy in the late 1980s. Write a report describing the trends in profits shown in the table.? You should write at least 150 words.?

Do you like this text sample?
We can make your essay even better one!


order now

TABLE 1: COMPANY PROFITS BEFORE TAX, BY INDUSTRY ($ million) |Period | Manufacturing |Mining |Retail Trade |Other | |1986-87 |4,650 |3,840 |612 |1,232 | |1987-88 |6,615 |3,816 |886 |1,511 | |1988-89 |8,617 |3,540 |1,349 |1,696 | |1989-90 |7,810 |4,992 |1,373 |397 | WRITING TASK 2 Write an essay expressing your views on the following topic: Technology can bring many benefits, but it can also cause social and environmental problems. In relation to new technology, the primary duty of Governments should be to focus on potential problems, rather than benefits. You should write at least 250 words. You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence. Practice Writing Test 1 Answers Writing Task 1 The table shows Australian company profits before tax for the period 1986-90 in four sectors: Manufacturing.

Mining, Retail Trade and Other Industries. Profits were very uneven across these four sectors during the four year period. The most important sector was Manufacturing, where profits nearly doubled from 1986 to 1989 to peak as $8. 6 billion, followed by Mining, where profits reached almost $5 billion in 1989-90, after fluctuating just below $4 billion for the previous three years. Profits in Retail Trade also grew strongly during the four year period, doubling to just below $1. 4 billion. In Other Industries there was steady growth in profits for three years from $1. 2 billion to almost $1. 7 billion, followed by a crash to below $0. 4 billion in 1989-90.

The table indicates that the year 1989 was a turning point for the Australian economy. After consistent rises from 1986 to 1989, profits in Retail Trade leveled off in 1989-90, while those in Manufacturing and Other Industries both fell-in Other Industries the fall was particularly sudden, to less than a quarter of their 1989 level. Only Mining, where profits had been steady during 1986-89, showed a significant rise in profits in 1989-90. (214 words) Writing Task 2 It is true that new technologies can create serious social and environmental problems. The question is whether governments should focus on these problems when they are formulating policies relating to new technology.

Some people would argue that governments have an important watchdog role to play and that they should attempt to establish whether a proposed technology is likely to have any harmful effects. This is seen as an aspect of government looking after the public interest and showing concern for the welfare of its citizens. These people would invest government with the power to veto the introduction of certain technologies. The problem with this approach, however, is that it is very difficult to know in advance what the full effects of any new technology will be. The history of science and technology has many fascinating examples of unexpected developments. Sometimes a technological advance in one area can lead to a surprising breakthrough in another, seemingly unrelated area.

For example, technology which originated from the US space program has been further developed and applied in many other areas of life. And one certainly cannot depend on government bureaucracies to make accurate assessments about these matters. Another problem is that, where one government might decide to ban the use of a new technology, another country may well go ahead with its introduction. In an increasingly competitive global economy the first country may severely disadvantage itself by such an action. New technology is essential for a country’s economic development. The best approach is to positively encourage the development of new technologies and to focus on their benefits.

Any problems that may arise can be dealt with after implementation. Practice Writing Test 2 WRITING TASK 1 Table 1 below presents the perceptions of Chief Executive Officers and their partners as to the main sources of stress in the CEO lifestyle. Using the information in the table, describe and compare the ways CEOs and their partners perceive pressures in the CEO lifestyle. You should write at least 150 words. Table 1 Perceptions of pressure in the CEO life style-top ten rated sources of stress (percentages) | Factors perceived to produce stress | Perceptions of CEOs |Perceptions of spouses/partners | |? | | |Time pressures and deadlines |52 |60 | |Demands of work on private life |48 |23 | |Demands of work on relationship with family |45 |29 | |Work-related travel |39 |57 | |Work overload |37 |62 | |Interpersonal relations |25 |21 | |Long working hours |24 |62 | |Taking work home |24 |32 | |Inadequately trained subordinates |24 |17 | ? WRITING TASK 2 In certain countries children are not allowed to leave school until they reach a certain age, for example, in some countries it is 15 years.

Write an essay expressing your point of view on the following topic: Should there be a minimum school leaving age, or should students and their parents be free to decide when they leave school? You should write at least 250 words. You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence. Practice Writing Test 2 Answers? Writing Task 1 It is commonly said that men and women see things differently. The information in Table 1 tends to support this view, as the perceptions of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and their spouses or partners show significant differences on a number of issues.

The three main sources of stress as far as CEOs were concerned were: time pressures and deadlines (52%), the demands of work on private life (48%) and the demands of work on the relationship with the family (45%). The four main sources of stress nominated by their spouses and partners were: work overload (62%), long working hours (62%), time pressures and deadlines (60%) and work-related travel (57%). Time pressures and deadlines are tangible factors that both groups were very aware of. However, spouses tended to be more specific in identifying work overload, long working hours, and work-related travel as problems, compared to CEOs who focused on more general “demands of work”. The biggest difference is in the numbers nominating long working hours as a source of stress: 62% of spouses/partners, compared to only 24% of CEOs.

It seems reasonable to assume that most CEOs enjoy their work, and generally don’t mind the long hours, whereas their spouses and partners don’t appreciate this situation at all! (219 works) Writing Task 2 One feature of improved education systems around the world has been an increase in the period of compulsory schooling for students. In many developed countries students are now required to stay at school until they are 15 years of age. There are quite plausible reasons for opposing this policy. Low income families, for example, may not be able to afford to keep their children at school and may resent governments imposing this decision on them.

In many developing countries children can bring in much needed income, either by working in family agricultural activities, or else through paid employment. Compulsory schooling might also be opposed on educational grounds. Recent studies have shown that compulsory school can be psychologically damaging for students who are not motivated to learn. They may be more ready to learn later on as adults when their motivation is stronger. But there are also strong reasons why students should be obliged to remain at school until a certain age. First, at a young age students are unlikely to be sufficiently mature to make sensible decisions about their lives. We should not allow students to make decisions they may later regret.

A second reason is that in today’s society, where increasingly high levels of skills and knowledge are required of the work force, early school leavers will find it very difficult to obtain employment. It is my view that schooling should be compulsory until a certain age. Education authorities, however, must ensure that the education provided is both affordable to families and relevant and interesting to students. (258 works) Practice Writing Test 3 |Writing Task 1 | |You are advised to spend a maximum of 20 minutes on this task. | |In June 1996, an experimental flu vaccine was trialled in a large country | |town on females only . |Write a report for a university tutor describing the information shown in | |the diagrams below. | |You should write at least 150 words. | | | |[pic] | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |Writing Task 2 | |You are advised to spend a maximum of 40 minutes on this task. |Write an essay for a university lecturer on the following topic: | |The costs of medical health care are increasing all the time. Governments | |are finding it difficult to balance the health care budget. | |Should citizens be totally responsible for their own health costs and take | |out private health insurance, or is it better to have a comprehensive health | |care system which provides free health services for all? Discuss. | |You should write at least 250 words. |You are required to support your arguments with relevant information and examples based on your own ideas, knowledge and experience. | Practice Writing Test 3 Answers Writing Task 1 The diagrams show data for a flu epidemic which hit a large country town in 1996. Figure 1 gives the number of persons who died; Figure 2 shows the percentage breakdown of females who received a new flu vaccine; and Figure 3 gives the number of cases of flu before and during the epidemic. In Figure 1 it can be seen that the flu was responsible for the deaths of 2 females but no males in the period from March to May. However, from June to August, there were 4 female deaths and 1 male death.

According to the pie chart in Figure 2, only those females most at risk were given the new flu vaccine; 28% did not take part in the trial. Of those females who took part, 35% were aged (over 65 years old); 24% were babies or children; and 13% were either hospitalised or receiving other medical attention. From Figure 3 it is clear that the new vaccine had a positive effect on the number of new cases of flu reported in females. There were just over 1000 cases reported in March, climbing rapidly to a peak of 3500 in June. Thereafter, the number of cases dropped slowly to about 2800 in August, before levelling off at 2500 for the rest of the year. For males, the figures were lower but showed a similar trend throughout the epidemic. 232 words) Writing Task 2 A much debated issue these days is whether citizens should take out private health insurance or not. The cost of providing free medical care for both the wealthy and the poor is far too great for any government, and most people agree that if you can pay for insurance, you should. In this essay, I will argue that all who can afford it should be insured, but free medical care must be made available for those too poor to do so. The most important reason for encouraging people to take out private health insurance is the cost to the government of health care. Free health cover for people who are able to pay for it is a waste of public money.

Of course, people will only pay health insurance premiums if they know that they are getting good value for their money. If they get sick, they should pay very little or nothing at all. In addition, the privately insured are entitled to special benefits such as having the choice of their own doctors, and being able to avoid long waiting lists for hospital beds. On the other hand, those who really cannot afford to pay private insurance premiums, which are often very high, are still entitled as citizens to the best medical care available – they cannot be expected to pay their own medical bills. However, if they are working, they should still pay a percentage of their wage (say 1 to 2%) as a tax which pays towards the cost of providing free medical services.

In conclusion, most people should privately insure their health, but it is unreasonable to suppose that all citizens can afford it. Therefore, a safety net in the form of a basic free health care system must exist for the very poor and the unemployed. (301 words) Writing Task 1 The diagrams show data for a flu epidemic which hit a large country town in 1996. Figure 1 gives the number of persons who died; Figure 2 shows the percentage breakdown of females who received a new flu vaccine; and Figure 3 gives the number of cases of flu before and during the epidemic. In Figure 1 it can be seen that the flu was responsible for the deaths of 2 females but no males in the period from March to May. However, from June to August, there were 4 female deaths and 1 male death.

According to the pie chart in Figure 2, only those females most at risk were given the new flu vaccine; 28% did not take part in the trial. Of those females who took part, 35% were aged (over 65 years old); 24% were babies or children; and 13% were either hospitalised or receiving other medical attention. From Figure 3 it is clear that the new vaccine had a positive effect on the number of new cases of flu reported in females. There were just over 1000 cases reported in March, climbing rapidly to a peak of 3500 in June. Thereafter, the number of cases dropped slowly to about 2800 in August, before levelling off at 2500 for the rest of the year. For males, the figures were lower but showed a similar trend throughout the epidemic. |KEY TO REPORT FEATURES | |Green |Topic sentence of paragraph | |Orange |Further explanation; supporting arguments for the statement(s) made in the topic sentence | |Red |Phrases which introduce special parts of the essay (the writer’s point of view, the first paragraph, and the | | |conclusion) | |Blue |Words and phrases used to interpret data given in graphs | |Black |Linking words | Note: This analysis is of the model answer above. Other acceptable reports might have different features. Writing Task 2 A much debated issue these days is whether citizens should take out private health insurance or not. The cost of providing free medical care for both the wealthy and the poor is far too great for any government, and most people agree that if you can pay for insurance, you should.

In this essay, I will argue that all who can afford it should be insured, but free medical care must be made available for those too poor to do so. The most important reason for encouraging people to take out private health insurance is the cost to the government of health care. Free health cover for people who are able to pay for it is a waste of public money. Of course, people will only pay health insurance premiums if they know that they are getting good value for their money. If they get sick, they should pay very little or nothing at all. In addition, the privately insured are entitled to special benefits such as having the choice of their own doctors, and being able to avoid long waiting lists for hospital beds.

On the other hand, those who really cannot afford to pay private insurance premiums, which are often very high, are still entitled as citizens to the best medical care available; they cannot be expected to pay their own medical bills. However, if they are working, they should still pay a percentage of their wage (say 1 to 2%) as a tax which pays towards the cost of providing free? medical services. In conclusion, most people should privately insure their health, but it is unreasonable to suppose that all citizens can afford it. Therefore, a safety net in the form of a basic free health care system must exist for the very poor and the unemployed. | KEY TO ESSAY FEATURES | |Green |Topic sentence of paragraph | |Orange |Further explanation; supporting arguments for the statement(s) made in the topic sentence | |Light Blue |Examples | |Red |Phrases which introduce special parts of the essay (the writer’s point of view, the first paragraph, and the | | |conclusion) | |Blue |Writer’s proposition(s) (stated once in the introduction and restated in the conclusion) | |Black |Linking words and phrases | |Pink |Conditional clause beginnings | |Italicised |Modal verbs used for persuasion |

ˆ Back To Top
x

Hi!
I'm Samanta

Would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out