Became popular in the early sass, it has been in the living rooms- and minds- of people around the world, and still remains a major part of daily life. Many people believe television is Just “harmless entertainment. ” Yet, violence, sexuality, race and gender stereotypes are common and popular themes of television programs, not to mention the numerous advertisements for food, alcohol, and items like clothes, gadgets, and toys. These themes affect people’s behaviors and attitudes towards themselves and others- ultimately effecting society.
Television viewing is a major activity and therefore has a massive influence on all TTS viewers- children and adolescents especially. Children in the United States watch an average of four hours of television a day. By the time of high school graduation, they will have spent more time watching television than they have in the classroom. Time spent watching television takes away from important activities such as reading, school work, playing, exercise, family interaction, and social development. Just how big a presence is TV in kids’ lives?
TV viewing among kids is at an eight-year high. On average, children ages 2-5 spend 32 hours a week in front of a TVвЂ”watching elevation, DVD’s, DVD and videos, and using a game console. Kids ages 6-11 spend about 28 hours a week in front of the TV 41 percent of TV-viewing is now online, time- shifted, or mobile, making its influence even more prevalent and accessible for anytime, anywhere. Young children are impressionable and may assume that what they see on television is typical, safe, and acceptable.
As a result, television also exposes children to behaviors and attitudes that may be overwhelming and difficult to understand. TV molds a child’s personality to influence what to think, how to act, and who to be; and hen it has such a large presence in a child’s life, as the statistics show, children will begin to mimic what they see on television. They imitate the violence they see on TV. Children under age eight cannot tell the difference between reality and fantasy, making them more vulnerable to learning the violence they see on TV as reality.
The consequences of human suffering and loss are rarely depicted, which teaches kids violence, but not the realistic problems and consequences that go along with it. Most violent acts go unpunished on TV and are often accompanied by humor. This is apparent even in T. V. Characters of previous generations like Tom and Jerry, Popeye, Roadrunner & Coyote, and the Three Stooges. These shows were violent, but funny. Who does not laugh at the classic piano falling on people’s heads? This material unintentionally caused kids to become violent because they thought it was acceptable.
After all, Larry, Moe, and Curly did it and nothing bad ever happened. Yet this violence has only worsened in both content and prevalence over time. Two-thirds of all programming contains violence – even programs targeted for young kids. Every single U. S. Animated feature film produced between 1937 and 1999 contained some form of physical violence. Literally thousands of studies since the sass have asked whether there is a link between exposure to media violence and violent behavior. All but 18 or these thousands of studies have answered, “Yes. The evidence from the research is overwhelming. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, “Extensive research evidence Inelastic Tanat meal violence can contribute to aggressive behavior, desensitizing to violence, nightmares, and fear of being harmed. ” Watching violent shows is also linked with having less empathy toward there. An average American child will see 200,000 violent acts and 16,000 murders on TV by age 18. It has been found that repeated exposure to TV violence makes children less sensitive toward its effects on victims and the human suffering it causes.
Viewing TV violence reduces inhibitions and leads to more aggressive behavior. Violence on TV can also have an effect of increased fear known as the “scary world syndrome. ” Television frequently portrays a much more violent world than the real one, making children who have seen significant amounts of violence on TV more likely to believe that the world is a frightening place. This effect is more powerful when the violence is portrayed realistically (as in thrillers or police procedural) or when it is depictions of actual violence (as in documentaries or news programs.
Violent threats shown on TV can cause kids to feel intense fright and worry, making them scared over average every-day events and prevents them from living a fulfilling happy life, and can bring upon psychological issues such as anxiety, paranoia, and depression. Since children and adolescence are not mature enough to discern between what is real and what is fiction, it does not allow the viewer to mature into thinking for themselves. TV producers take advantage of this by displaying clickГ© stereotypes. Children learn to accept the stereotypes represented on television.
After all, they see them over and over. When non-whites are shown on TV, they tend to be stereotyped. A review of the research on gender bias shows that the gender-biased and gender- stereotyped behaviors and attitudes that kids see on television do affect how they see male and female roles in our society; as ads for household items, like cleaning products, usually feature women, and men are usually depicted in commercials as strong and attractive. Thin women are disproportionately represented on TV. The beaver a female character is, the more negative comments were made about her.
African American men were more often portrayed as aggressive and African American women, as inconsequential. Television and movies do not often show Asians or Asian Americans, and when they do, they fail to show the diversity in Asian culture. People on television with certain, definitive characteristics are shown as “cool” and are respected and looked up to by viewers. These clickГ©s and unfair generalizations are artificial fabrications of what real people are like and it causes people to believe in these stereotypes, and also feel as though they need to abide by hem in order to fit in with society.
These stereotypes on television fuel ignorance and Judgment within American society, and as people are watching much more television starting at a younger age, it only increases these issues. Especially in adolescence, a time when young people are figuring out who they are and who they want to be, they tend to latch onto the things they see on TV to help give them some kind of definition or identity so they can learn how they need to fit into the world.
This identity crisis issue starts in early childhood and progresses through adolescence and early adulthood. Everyone wants or needs to be accepted in one roof or another because of what television shows us. Typically, teens have been portrayed in as morally confused, greedy little whack Jobs with an endless supply of raging enormous Ana a anneal agenda. I rue enough. Ever since teen when rockabilly into pop culture, teens have been known to “stick it to the man” through sex, drugs, and rockabilly.
However this oversimplified clickГ© of what defines a teenager seems to gives kids permission to do irrational and bad things to maintain such stereotypes. Does TV affect how we end up behaving by giving us permission or ideas? Or is it reflective of the teenage norm? Maybe teens are so chaotic and irrational because of what television originally demented of teens by portraying them as pure and perfect in TV shows such as “Father Knows Best,” “The Brady Bunch,” “Happy Days,” and “Full House. ” In the ass, teens started to rebel this clean cut image, some taking it to the extreme.
Not only has teen anarchy carried on, it has evolved into a different type of rebellion against the roles dictated to us by society. It is because of this that young adults find themselves in an awkward transition to figure out who they are in the crossroads between the innocence of childhood and accessibility of adulthood, between role models and stereotypes, who one wants to be and who one is told to be. TV only fuel and intensify these teenage crises and make it seem acceptable to defy authority, and do “bad” things.
Also having a major influence on teens, is sex. Sexual content is a real presence on TV. Soap operas, music videos, prime time shows and advertisements all contain lots of sexual content, but usually nothing about contraception or safer sex. Sex and sexuality are frequent major plot features of many TV shows aimed at youth – not Just the racy episodes of Gossip Girl and the earnest storyline of Glee, Friends, and Degrades, but teen shows such as Hannah Montana, which communicate their messages in a way that is more implicit but no less clear.
Most parent’s do not talk to their kids about sex and relationships, birth control and sexually transmitted diseases, and most schools do not offer complete sex education programs; therefore kids are left to get much of their information about sex from TV. As a result, kids are probably not learning what their parent’s would like them to learn about sex from TV. The number of sex scenes on television has nearly doubled since 1998, with 70 percent of the top 20 most-watched shows by teens including sexual content. Fifteen percent of scenes with sexual intercourse depict characters having sex after they Just met.
Of the shows with sexual content, an average of five scenes per hour involves sex. Portrayals that included sexual risks, like contracting sexually transmitted diseases or becoming pregnant, abstinence, or need for sexual safety was depicted in only 15 percent of the shows with sexual content. Hence, sexual content on TV is more likely to promote sexual activity among US adolescents that it is to discourage it. With this much prevalence of sex throughout television, there is no way it cannot have an effect on its viewers.
It increases the chances a teen will have sex, and may cause teens to start having sex at younger ages. It is also linked to becoming pregnant or being responsible for a pregnancy. Researchers found that even after controlling other risk factors, the chance of teen pregnancy went up with more exposure to sex on television. Even viewing shows with characters talking about sex increases the likelihood of sexual initiation A study conducted by Research And Development with 1792 adolescents ages 12-17, showed that watching sex on TV influences teens to have sex.
Youths who watched more sexual content were more keel to initiate intercourse and progress to more advanced non-coital sexual actively In teen year Tolling teen Declining AT teen study. It snowed t higher exposure to sex on TV were almost twice as likely as kids with lower exposure to initiate sexual intercourse. 46 percent of high school students in the United States have had sexual intercourse. Although sex is common, most sexually active teens wish they had waited longer to have sex, which suggest that sex is occurring before youths are prepared for its consequences.
Among children, excessive screen time has been shown to lead to behavioral faculties, reduced achievement at school, attention problems, sedentary behaviors and an increased risk of obesity. Children spend more time watching television than in any other activity except sleep. Most of children’s free time, especially during the early formative years, should be spent in activities such as playing, reading, exploring nature, learning about music, or participating in sports.
A Scientific American article entitled “Television Addiction Is No Mere Metaphor” examined why children and adults may find it hard to turn their TV’s off. According to researchers, viewers feel an instant sense of relaxation when they start to watch TVвЂ”but that feeling disappears just as quickly when the box is turned off. While people generally feel more energize after playing sports or engaging in hobbies, after watching TV they usually feel depleted of energy. According to the article “this is the irony of TV: people watch a great deal longer than they plan to, even though prolonged viewing is less rewarding. Children are wasting their early lives watching TV when they could be out expanding their minds by being creative, building character, having new experiences and doing anything constructive and effective with their time, yet they are sitting on a couch watch an electronic box. If TV watching does not drastically decrease in importance in the lives of children, their futures and American society’s future is bleak. Even as adults, television today tries to tell us what our priorities as young adults should be.
Looking good, having money, being attractive to the opposite sex-and then having sex. In an age of instant gratification and over-indulgence, television promotes that we need to have an abundance of food, clothes, cars, sex, money, alcohol etc. All these things are extremely self-serving and ultimately unfailing. There are countless shows aired today that glorify people’s lives as perfect, making the viewer’s feeling less fulfilling because they do not have the things that the people portrayed on TV have, or to the excess that they have it.
The MET hit show “Jersey Shore” is a perfect example of the mentality set forth to young adults; that life is an endless party, and it’s all about doing what you want to do. This has ghastly effects on society and following generations because virtues of work ethic, accountability, self-lessee’s, aspect, giving, responsibility, and basic morals and ethical principles are quickly eroding with this idealized lifestyle encouraged by television.
The classic question that begs asking is: does television reflect the roles we play in society, or affect the roles we play in society? Is it planting in the minds of its viewers these ideas of violence, stereotypes, and sex? Or has television become too accurate for its own good- merely acting as a mirror of American society? Though there are other factors, TV undoubtedly has had a major role in transforming American culture and its citizens.
As television has progressed through the years, so have societal and cultural problems and defects. American citizens need to learn to slot Deck every once Ana a Wendell to critically tank auto want teen are watching, now they watch it, and what effect it may have one their lives, and those around them. TV displays themes of constant violence, aggression, unfair stereotypes towards race and gender, and overt, inconsequential sexuality, while affecting the physical and behavioral health of children, adolescence, and even adults.
Studies have also shown it also has multiple influences such as: damaging girls’ body image, sparking an influx f eating disorders; promoting unhealthy eating, causing spikes in obesity due to food advertising; dulling cognitive learning and educational learning; increasing disrespect and misbehaver towards parent’s and authority; causing wreckers behavior with alcohol and partying; promoting bad spending habits with deceiving marketing techniques; and Just sending out an overall bad message free of any virtues and accountability Americans once found important.
Things on TV are exaggerated, romanticizes, idealized, unrealistic, and deceiving. We should not be mindless sponges, soaking up anything bombarded onto us by television. We should be a discerning audience that is ready to realize the influence, question stereotypes, and think critically of what we really think and not Just take up another’s ideas or behaviors Just because they are constantly projected to us, as to not let TV dictate who we are or keep us from thinking for ourselves.
We, as a society, need to go back to a time, or enter an age with a greater emphasis on good 01′ face-to-face interaction; where character is more important than what you are wearing; and success is achieved through hard work and determination. An age where people care or and respect not only themselves, but others as well; where fulfillment comes from family and personal achievement, not money, sex, and things.
An age of critical thinking, internal development, and originality; where ethics, morals, and principles have priority over one’s own impulsive behaviors, desires, and actions. Sounds like a TV show- unrealistic and idealistic. However, if people do not realize and limit television’s negative influence and adopt some of these ideals, the future will prove that what was once seen as a “harmless form of entertainment” is actually not so harmless after all.