Research Methodology

Research can be used in many methods, for example: questionnaires, television, leaflets, books etc. It allows us to keep up to date n the new findings or discoveries e. G. A new type of cancer or a new vaccination. Research is the investigation into sources and materials in order to find out new facts and reach conclusions. Without research we would not know about cancer or treatment for different diseases etc. We now know these things because of research otherwise we would be none the wiser. I will now be explaining the four purposes of research and giving an example for each one.

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The four purposes of research include: research to identify need, research to provide further knowledge, research to highlight gaps in provision and research to plan provision. Research to identify need Identify can be defined as to recognize or establish as being a particular person or thing; verify the identity of: to identify handwriting; to identify the bearer of a check, (www. Dictionary. Com). All service providers need information about the needs of the community, or a group of people e. G. Nouns, elderly, ethnic background before they can decide what resources and services are required to meet this need. This research often requires the collection of demographic data. An example of research to identify need could be a new village being built in a rural area, and many individuals are moving into the new village from outside. Research into the needs of the new individuals should be met by considering to build a health clinic. Making sure there are doctors, nurses and many other health care professionals.

Research should collect the data of how many people are going to be moving into the new village and how many health care professionals are going to be needed based on the number of new comers. Research to provide further knowledge Provide can be defined as to make available; furnish: to provide employees with various benefits, (www. Dictionary. Com). In health and social care there is a constant need to update knowledge about illness, disease and the best practice in providing care. There is a constant change in the time, for example: diabetes.

Years ago people who had diabetes used a syringe to measure their own insulin they wanted to inject in themselves, however at the present time there is an insulin pen that already knows and has measured the amount of insulin itself. Therefore there is less risk of overdosing on insulin because of this update, which is very beneficial for individuals who have diabetes or who are going to be diagnosed with diabetes. Most research is aired out very slowly – often building on previous knowledge. Famous breakthroughs in research are often a result of many months or years of research, (Talisman, 2010).

Research to highlight gaps in provision particular matter; stipulation; proviso, (www. Dictionary. Com). Research is often carried out to highlight gaps in health and social are provision. It also involves finding out why certain groups of people are missing out on key health and social care provision. Despite the wide number of health centers, hospitals and community initiatives designed to make health care available to all, there are always members of society who fail to take up such provision, (Talisman, 2010). For example drug users are one group that miss out or fail to take up provision.

This is because they spend their time finding money by either robbing, begging or hassling family members for money to buy drugs and they do not have time to go to the health centre or hospitals for their health problems. Health problems can include HIVE/AIDS, Hepatitis A, B and C. Research to plan provision Plan can be defined as a design or scheme of arrangement: an elaborate plan for seating guests, (www. Dictionary. Com). This type of research is carried out to find out hat services are available for those individuals who need them.

Research lacks value if its findings are not put into practice and it is important that, having identified any kind of need or gap in provision, attempts are made to fill the gaps so that the individuals in this country can receive the best quality health and social care to which they are entitled to. However some groups may be overlooked in society, (Talisman, 2010). An example of research to plan provision can be as I said before drug users. More promotion of being anti-drug and more rehab clinics and programmers loud be made available to help this group of people and to improve access to care for such groups.

I will now be explaining the five roles of research and giving an example for each one of the roles. The five roles of research include: research to inform policy or practice, research to extend knowledge and understanding, research to improve practice, research to aid reflection and allow progress to be monitored and finally research to examine topics of contemporary importance. Research to inform policy or practice Inform can be defined as to give or impart knowledge of a fact or circumstance to: He informed them of his arrival, (www. Dictionary. Com).

Policy can be defined as a definite course of action adopted for the sake of expediency, facility, etc. : We have a new company policy, (www. Dictionary. Com). Practice can be defined as to pursue a profession, especially law or medicine, (www. Dictionary. Com). This allows improvements to be made both in policy making and practice. Research is carried out into a particular issue, and decisions are made about how changes could be implemented in order to fill these gaps and ensure that the needs of the particular group are adequately met, (Talisman, 2010).

An example of research to inform policy or practice can be underprivileged children in deprived areas of Britain, as they have more of a risk of suffering from respiratory diseases. This is because they are in low income families and bad housing, therefore there is more dampness and mould, which can cause respiratory diseases. Research is carried out on this issue and it has found out that underprivileged children in deprived areas of Britain are more likely to suffer from respiratory diseases.

Decisions are then made on how to ensure that the needs of the children are up to standards and are met. This could be by improving housing qualities or opening up more health clinics in order to treat the understanding Knowledge can be defined as acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation; general erudition: knowledge of many things, (www. Dictionary. Com). Understanding can be defined as knowledge of or familiarity with a particular thing; skill in dealing with or handling something: an understanding of accounting practice, (www. Dictionary. Com).

This is research that already has some knowledge about the subject but which needs to be built on in order to widen and peen understanding of some social or medical phenomenon. Control enables an individual to maintain a healthy lifestyle by believing they can do something to prevent an illness. Improved knowledge and understanding leads to people being able to look after themselves better, (Talisman, 2010). An example of this can be an individual who has diabetes. If function rooms based on diabetes are available to help make sure people with diabetes understand their illness better, it will allow them to help themselves treat their illness.

This will enable them to understand their illness and know how to treat their illness. This will give them more knowledge and understanding of diabetes. Research to improve practice Improve can be defined as to bring into a more desirable or excellent condition: He took vitamins to improve his health, (www. Dictionary. Com). Once findings from research have been published and made available to health and social care practitioners and administrators, it is then important to use these findings in order to improve the way in which individuals carry out their duties, (Talisman, 2010).

An example of this can be the Staffordshire hospital scandal. Staffordshire hospital was unhygienic, had a limited amount of staff and was the reason why 400 patients died when they could have survived. Research was carried out and observed and was concluded that the hospital was one of the worst in the country. Due to this improvements have been made including: 101 nurses hired, 38 doctors hired, housekeeping staff increased by 14 individuals, and a training and development programmer for all staff installed. Ageing equipment has been replaced and wards refurbished and over IEEE,OHO invested in A&E, (www. Eelgrass. Co. UK). Due to the investigation and research carried out on the hospital it allowed improvements to be dad, as a result higher levels and standards of are installed in the hospital. Research to aid reflection and allow progress to be monitored Reflection can be defined as fixing of the thoughts on something; careful consideration, (www. Dictionary. Com). Progress can be defined as growth or development; continuous improvement: He shows progress in his muscular coordination, (www. Dictionary. Com).

Monitored can be defined as to watch closely for purposes of control, surveillance, etc. ; keep track of; check continually: to monitor one’s eating habits, (www. Dictionary. Com). Reflection of evaluation is an essential part of the search process. Information is gathered through evaluation forms and observations are collated by the researcher to examine trends to identify what is going well and what is going not so well. Research allows us to check what is happening. This information allows the provider to reflect on the service being provided and to then identify any gaps in provisions.

Reflection and evaluation allows changes to be made and if necessary identify a need for further research, (Talisman, need to be made. An example of this can be a student in college who has missed days. The attendance is monitored through a system which allows the college to let he student know there attendance is low and changes can then be made, so that the student is aware of their low attendance and can improve it. It is no good making changes if they do not work, as it needs to be the right changes for the specific problem.

Research to examine topics of contemporary importance Examine can be defined as to inquire into or investigate: to examine one’s motives, (www. Dictionary. Com). Contemporary can be defined as the present time; modern: a lecture on the contemporary novel, (www. Dictionary. Com). It is important to conduct research in areas of health and social care in order to identify needs, provide further knowledge and highlight gaps in provision. Research allows improvements to be made too many provisions that have immediate everyday importance, (Talisman, 2010).

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