Non Traditional Security

Asia Security Initiative Policy Series Working Paper No. 7 September 2010 Non-Traditional Security Challenges, Regional Governance, and the SEAN Political-security Community (APPC) Meld Caballero-Anthony Head Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies S. Restaurant School of International Studies Nanning Technological University Singapore Asia Security Initiative Policy Series: Working Papers Abstract Much of the attention on institutional development within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (SEAN) has focused on the progress in establishing the SEAN Polycrystalline Community (APPC).

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Since the idea was first conceived in 1993, much has changed in the regional political and security landscape in Southeast Asia. Among these are the slew of emerging non-traditional security (NETS) challenges confronting the region which compel a re-thinking of regional modalities in order to address these security threats. This paper argues that the APPC is as much a regional political project as it is a security goal.

In unpacking the APPC as a regional political and security initiative, the paper examines the importance of regional governance as a framework that can be used to manage transnational problems, while remaining cognizant of the need to embed the dynamics of regional governance within the context of domestic politics. This Policy Series presents papers in a preliminary form and serves to stimulate comment and discussion. The views expressed are entirely the author’s own and not that of the IRIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NETS) Studies.

The paper is the result of research conducted under the Asia Security Initiative programmer on internal challenges supported by the MacArthur Foundation. Visit www. Clustered. Com to find out more about this initiative. More information on the work of the IRIS Centre for NETS Studies can be found at www. Sis. Du. So/nets. Biography Meld Caballero-Anthony is Associate Professor at the S. Restaurant School of International Studies (IRIS), Singapore and Head of the IRIS Centre for Non- Traditional Security (NETS) Studies.

She is also the Secretary General of the newly established Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia (NETS-Asia). Her research interests include regionalism and regional security in the Asia-Pacific, multilateral security cooperation, politics and international relations in SEAN, conflict prevention and management as well as human security. At IRIS, she directs ND coordinates the Centre for NETS Studies’ projects for the John D. And Catherine T. MacArthur Asia Security Initiative (AS’).

She also teaches courses on Non-Traditional Security, and Government and Politics in Southeast Asia. Her current publications both single-authored and co-edited include Political Change, Democratic Transitions and Security in Southeast Asia (Rutledge, 2009), Understanding Non-Traditional Security in Asia: Dilemmas in Characterization (I-J: Seagate, 2006); Studying Non-Traditional Security in Asia: Trends and Issues (Singapore: Marshall Cavendish, 2006); Regional Security in Southeast Asia: Beyond he SEAN Way (Singapore: ‘SEAS, 2005); and UN Peace Operations and Asian Security (Rutledge, 2005).

She has also published extensively on a broad range of security issues in the Specific, in peer-reviewed Journals such as Asian Survey, Pacific Review, Asian Security and Journal of International Affairs, as well as book chapters on Asian regionalism, democracy and human rights, human security and non-traditional security and conflict management. She is on the editorial board of The Pacific Review, Global Responsibility to Protect (GRIP) and Asian Politics and Policy.

DRP Anthony is also active in Track II work. She is a member of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CAP) Study Group on the Responsibility to Protect (Root), and the SEAN Institutes of Strategic and International Studies (SEAN-ISIS) network. She is also a member of the International Advisory Board of the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (PAPACY) and the Global Consortium on Security Transformation (GIST).

Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Southeast Asia A slew of emerging non-traditional security (NETS) challenges – defined as challenges o the survival and well-being of peoples and states that arise primarily out of non- military sources, such as climate change, infectious diseases, natural disasters, irregular migration, food shortages, smuggling of persons, drug trafficking and other forms of transnational crimes – are now confronting Southeast Asia.

Aside from being non-military in nature, these challenges share other common characteristics: arise at very short notice and are transmitted rapidly as a result of globalization and the communication revolution; they cannot be prevented entirely, but can be dictate through coping mechanisms; national solutions are often inadequate, and thus regional and multilateral cooperation is essential; and finally, the object of security is no longer Just the state (state sovereignty or territorial integrity) but also the people – their survival, well-being and dignity, at both individual and societal levels. The impacts of these new NETS threats are almost by definition deep and wide-reaching. For example, in regard to health and the threat of infectious disease in Asia, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (CARS) experience of 2003 aptly monstrance that in an era of globalization and rationalization, infectious diseases have the capacity to detrimentally affect both the direct security and well-being of all members of society as well as all facets of the economy. Estimates

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