Shakespeare is aware of nemesis and the principle of retributive Justice by which good characters are rewarded and the bad, appropriately punished. Evidence of this can be reflected by numerous characters in this particular play, however this literary term does not apply to everyone in Shakespearean, Macbeth. This play is a tragedy, one of Shakespearean darkest, filled arrogance and grown wild with power and hope, through violence and evil. There is no basic concept that explains the meaning of human life and ways to solve unanswered questions and injustices.
Shakespeare suggests the idea of nemesis, the law of mistaken, never-failing Justice. He interpolate nemesis partially, and this idea relates to this play through various characters such as Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, and Banquet. Macbeth is one of the main, and most important characters in this play. Within him, there seems to be two men, completely opposite and hard to understand how there could be such a thing. While Macbeth is a strong and brave warrior, he also has a soaring imagination and strong emotions that fill him with suspicions. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is portrayed as an energize, assertive, and strategic airier.
He is seen as the bravest of them all and loyal to his King Duncan. He does not have any hatred towards his king, but pure adoration and respect. However, when the witches tempt him with prophecies, Machete’s mind fills up with strong emotions, quickly gaining desire to gain power. Lady Macbeth mentions that, “t is too full timothy’s of human kindness.” (Act 1, scene 5), she identifies her husband as someone who is capable of great compassion and affection. She says he is a man of contradictions, full of motivation, but not evil, wanting to have things the right way, but willing to have them dishonestly.
Macbeth begins the play with friends, a wife and a secure place in his kingdom, and ends it, isolated and, full of self-hatred. Macbeth has the ambition, he kills to get it. It is true that he receives some encouragement from the witches and Lady Macbeth, but it was not to convince him that he should do kill King Duncan, but to convince him he would not be personally harmed. Macbeth has killed Duncan to make himself King of Scotland, but he fears that it will all be for nothing in the long run if Banquet’s descendants, rather than his own, are destined to wear the crown.
So, he murders Banquet, and attempts to ruder Balance, in an effort to destroy the family that might someday take his place on the throne. He revolts against his doings, yet he refuses to stop, in pursuit of his own tragic end. Macbeth says, “Vaunt, and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee! Thy bones are narrowness, thy blood is cold. Thou hast no speculation in those eyes. Which thou dost glare with.” (In act 3 scene 4) This shows the guilt that Macbeth has after killing his best friend, Banquet. This guilt has been building up inside him, on top of the shame of killing his King. It also shows that, although Macbeth and Lady
Macbeth are now the rulers of Scotland, they are never happy or content and Macbeth constantly feels threatened. This puts him in a position where he feels like he needs to get rid of all his oppositions or future threats. Nemesis is very similar to karma; the concept of a cycle which starting off with an act, which becomes a habit, cause, on both mental and physical states of being. No cause remains without its due effect, which reflects what happened to Macbeth throughout the play. Macbeth gets to a certain point when he stops caring about anyone, and becomes completely obsessed with the idea of staying in power.
In act 3 scene 4 he says, “Stepped in so far, that, should I wade no more.” Macbeth has decided that he has gone so far in murder and, tyranny, that he will not turn back. He makes a decision to go see the Weird Sisters again and that he will strike down anyone that crosses him. He is unable to understand the forces he has unleashed, unable to prevent himself from seeking out more horror. This results in him getting himself deeper into the hole of doom. Macbeth kills Macadam’s entire family and plans to kill him as well.
However, the famous saying, “what goes around comes around” sliced Machete’s head off eternally, when he is brutally murdered by Macadam at the end of the play. Hence, experiencing the reality of nemesis and its’ punishment. Macbeth is not the only character that was affected by nemesis, his own wife, Lady Macbeth gets what she deserves as well. In Shakespearean play Macbeth, Lady Machete’s destiny is formed by her own actions through mind and free-will. In act l, Lady Macbeth convinces her husband to murder Duncan, even though Macbeth was strongly against it. Lady Macbeth is very successful at persuading him to go against his better Judgment.
She entirely changes the stereotype of women being kind and caring in the first act. After Macbeth writes home telling of his murderous plans, Lady Macbeth begins talking to evil spirits. Because women often lack the ruthlessness to kill someone, Lady Macbeth asks the spirits to make her male. One of the most vivid descriptions of Lady Machete’s wickedness is directly after Macbeth announces to her he does not want to kill Duncan. This speech symbolizes Lady Machete’s evilness. She is ruthless, because of her evil accounts for the murders that occur throughout the play.
Lady Macbeth convinces her husband to commit murders that will make them king and queen. She is aware that her husband is genuinely a gentle person. However, she is able to manipulate Macbeth into committing evil deeds in order to achieve her desires. Lady Macbeth fears that her husband lacks courage and killer instinct to murder Duncan. She never mentions herself committing the murder, and she always insists upon Macbeth executing the killing. The opportunity arises for Lady Macbeth to murder Duncan, but she decides not to. In the beginning, we see Lady Macbeth reacting to he news of her husband’s success and King Dunce’s visit.
This ignites her lust for power. In the quote “… Unsexes me here, / And fill me from the crown to the toe top full/ Of direst cruelty; make thick my blood;… / Come thick night,] And pall thee in the Dunne’s smoke of hell,] That my keen knife see not the wound it makes. ” ( Act I scene 5) Lady Macbeth talks of wanting all of the cold blooded aspects of ” manliness” to be filled with evil and hatred. This is the first impression that we see of Lady Macbeth in the play. Her desires and inspiration are very strong, but when opportunity presents itself to her, she cannot carry through with the act.
Therefore, she uses her husband’s vulnerability and persuasion to achieve her dreams. Not long after, Lady Macbeth becomes depressed which is brought on by guilt from her evil actions. She becomes so ill that she hallucinates and becomes insane, leading her to commit suicide by Jumping out of the castle. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth leads to the to process of repairing the damage that one has made a painful process, if not impossible. This relates to what happened to Lady Macbeth and the nemesis of re evil actions that resulted in punishment through herself committing suicide.
Banquet stands out compared to the other two characters who get affected by nemesis. He unfortunately, suffers the injustice of betrayed death which is unfair and foul to such a loving soul. Banquet is a very unique character in Shakespearean play. In the play, he is portrayed as a person capable of ambition but does not resort to dishonest means to get there. Banquets character deliberately shows a direct contrast to Macbeth. He represents the path that Macbeth differs from, a path not characterized by betrayal and murder. Banquet is cautious by nature and he is skeptical right from the start.
When the witches first appear, he criticizes them, “Speak then to me, who neither beg nor fear / Your favors nor your hate. ” (Act l, Scene 3). Even after the first prophecy of the witches comes true, Banquet is still hesitant and cautious. He warns Macbeth not to be convinced of small truths and overlook more important matters. Banquet thinks that the witches are evil and are playing tricks on them. He is shown as someone who has self-control, because he does not support evil, while Macbeth lives by it. After King Duncan was murdered in his sleep,
Banquet calls for an investigation. He states that he is on the side of right and begins to realize that Macbeth may possibly have something to do with the King’s death. This can be shown when he says, “Thou hast it nowвЂ?Thou player’s most foully fort. “(Act 3 scene 1) Yet, he does nothing to accuse his friend of murdering the King. He has reason to believe that Macbeth is behind the crime, because Macbeth has the motives due to the witches’ prophecy. Being the loyal and true friend Banquet is, he is happy for the success of Macbeth in becoming King and does not new his friend.
The trailing events which led to Banquets death is in the hands of the very person he protected, Macbeth. Macbeth has the idea that destiny can be attained through evil, so what did Banquet do to deserve such betrayal and death? That is an unanswered question which clearly shows Shakespearean consciousness of nemesis not always being true. He writes a story which parallels the modern world in portraying the realistic aspect of injustices. Macbeth is one of Shakespearean darkest and most powerful tragedies, filled with countless evil deeds and ambition triggered by the witches.
This play deals with the themes of evil in the individual and relates it to the real world more than any other of Shakespearean works. One of the most obvious and important topics in this play is nemesis, and the principle of punishing Justice by which the good characters are rewarded and the bad, punished. However, Shakespeare is completely aware that nemesis is not always accurate and reflects that through his play. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are distressed by nemesis, while Banquet is an example of a character that gets murdered, something he clearly does not deserve.