1 . I What happened to the Plains Indian population between 1780 and 1870? ? The population declined by half because of disease and as the Sioux pushed west, they defeated weaker opposition. Cheyenne warrior anguished, disease shifted balance of power | 2. | Explain the Indian wars on the Great Plains:? It marked its last resistance of its population devastated by disease and demoralized by the removal ppolicy pursued by the government. Some tribes including the crow, Arikara, Pawnee and Shoshoni fought alongside US army against their own enemies, the Sioux. In 877 the army issued an ultimatum come on to the reservation or be hunted down.
I 3. | What was the purpose and outcome of educational opportunities that white reformers provided to Native American children? ? They proposed that Indian children be sent off reservation boarding schools. Where they would be forced to adopt white dress, manners, culture, and language. In the face of this assault on their cultures, Indians found a way to resist, adapt, and hold on to their culture identify. I 4. | What happened to the buffalo herds on the Great Plains? ? The Sioux, hunting on orseback, staked their survival on the buffalo. A host of environmental and human factors contributed to the decline of the bison.
After the Civil war, that nearly brought the extinction of the bison. With leather belting and the combination of slaughter. I 5. | What is the Battle of the Little Big Horn? ? “Custer’s last stand “Battle between Sioux warriors led by crazy horse and Sitting Bull and American cavalry led by George Armsthrong Custer. Custer charged into a Sioux encampment, he and his men were killed. This was a major military victory for the Sioux but their success was short lived. I 6. What was the easiest way to get rich in the silver mining industry? ? An active San Francisco stock market sprang up to finance operations on the Comstock.
The easiest way to get rich was to sell their claims or to form mining companies and sell shares of stock instead of mining. Speculation, misrepresenting, and outright thievery ran out of control. I 7. | What were Virginia City, Nevada, and other mining centers like? ? Virginia City quickly became an industrial center with more than 1,200 stamping mills working on average a ton of ore every day. Almost 400 men working in a milling nearly 300 abored in manufacturing industries and roughly 3,00 toiled in the mines. Comstock miners commanded $4 a day, the highest wage in the mining west.
I Explaln wnat tne cnlnese 010 In tne west:? I ne cnlnese excluslonary act lea toa sharp drop in the Chinese population from 105,465 to 1889 to 89,683 in 1900 because Chinese immigrants overwhelmingly male, did not have families to sustain their population. I 9. | What happened to mining in the West by the 1870s? ? Miners from all over the world flocked to the west, few struck rich but many stayed on has paid workers in the increasingly mechanized corporate. I 0. IWho lived in the area from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean in the last decades of The nineteenth century? ? African Americans who ventured out to the territories face hostile settlers determined to keep the west for whites only, Hispanics people had lived in the texas and southern since Juan de onate led pioneer settlers up with the rio grande. I 11 . I Who built America’s first transcontinental railroad? ? Charles Crocker hired Chinese gangs to work on the Central pacific, some 12,000 Chinese, representing 90 ppercent of Crocker’s workforce completed the first transcontinental railroad. | 12. Why did so many people migrate to the West during the three decades after 1870? ? A 1790 federal statute that limited naturalization to “white persons” was modified after the Civil War to extend naturalization to blacks. Chinese and other Asians found work. I 13. | What was agriculture like in the West? ? It became a big business tied to national and global markets, an increasingly number of laborers worked land that they would never own. I 14. IWhat are the two factors that most helped stimulate the land rush in the trans- Mississippi West? ? The homestead act of 1862 promised 160 acres free to any itizen prospective citizen male or female, who settled on the land for five years.
They opened up new areas and actively recruited settlers. I I I 15. | How did the invention of barbed wire revolutionize the cattle industry? ? Revolutionized the cattle business and sounded the death of knell for the open range. Mexicans and Americans without land but had cattle were put out of business, because without fencing they had to sell out for the best price they could get. I 16. | How did agriculture change between 1870 and 1900? ?By 1870 the census showed that nearly 80 ppercent of the natins people lived on farms and in villages of ewer than 8,000 inhabitants.
By 1900 the figures had dropped to 66 ppercent. At the Geronimo, ana sent tnem as prlsoners to Hor10a. Ghost Dance; New religion that served as a nonviolent form of resistance for Indians in the late nineteenth century. The Paiute shaman Wovoka combined elements of Christianity and traditional Indian religion to found the ghost dance religion in the 1889. The ghost dance frightened whites and was violently suppressed. Wounded Knee; December 1890 massacre of Sioux Indians by American cavalry at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota.
Sent to suppress the ghost dance the soldiers pened fire on a group of Sioux as they attempted to surrender. More than two hundred Sioux men, women and children were killed. Comstock Lode; Silver ore deposit discovered in 1859 in the Washoe basin in Nevada. Discovery of the Comstock lode touched off an influx of people into the region and led to the establishment of a number of boomtowns, including Virginia city, Nevada. By 1875, Virginia city had a diverse population of about 25,000 people. Chinese Exclusion Act; 1882 law that effectively barred Chinese immigration and set a precedent for further immigration restrictions.
Racial and cultural animosities stood t the heart of the anti-chinese agitation that led to the passage of the exclusion act. The Chinese exclusion act led to a sharp drop in the Chinese population in America. Homestead Act of 1962; Act that promised 160 acres in the trans-Mississippi west free to any citizen who settled on the land for five years. Between 1870 and 1900, hundreds of thousands of Americans moved west, many draw by the promise of free land. Exodusters; A group of former slaves from Mississippi and Louisiana who moved west to Kansas in 1879 so that they could own land and escape the sharecropping system.