Health and social care

Workers in childcare facilities educate and care for infants, toddlers and preschool age children. Childcare may not seem like a hazardous occupation, but every workplace has hazards and risks. Childcare workers should pay attention to their own safety while they nurture children. 1. Electrical Hazard; Staff and children can get electrical shocks or burns from using faulty electrical equipment. Over use of extension leads, can cause electrical overloading and fire.

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The risk; a child putting there fingers in to an exposed socket would be an electrical shock which could harm , upset and shock the child. To prevent this from happening Staff trained to spot and report (to the manager or team leader) any defective plugs, disclosure sockets or damaged equipment. • Defective equipment immediately removed from use. • Staff told not to bring their own appliances to work e. G. Fans, heaters etc • Competent Person e. G. Electrician appointed to undertake Portable Appliance Testing. Plug safety covers should be inserted in all plug sockets in a child care. electrical faults: Equipment not working Loose wiring Broken casing around wires or applications Electrical arcing (sparks) Plugs becoming warm 2. Liquids Hazard;Most childcare settings consist of at least one activity object that will be provided with water. E. G. A water/ sand pit. A water pit is a hazard as the water can spill from the water pit on to the floor, this would cause a risk, the floor would be wet and slippery and the over all outcome would be a child is then likely to slip on the immediately to prevent any injuries or accidents in the setting.

Hot drinks; When staff are in a childcare setting room, hot drinks should be kept well away from the children’s sight and be out of the child’s reach. Hot drinks are a hazards therefore, they Carrie a risk. If a hot drink is left on the side and a child manages to get hold of the object then this is most likely to fall and hurt the child , the child could end up with multiple head or body injuries, a scald or burn to the body, however, this is down to the staff to make sure all objects like this or similar to this are kept well away from the children as, if this was to happen it could result in a nasty injure.

Things that could consist of accidents from liquids; water pit spilt drinks activities that include liquids. 3. Food It is a legal requirement for childcare settings providing food to carry out an assessment of the risks involved in food preparation. When man handling food the chef should wear p. P. E. Person protective equipment, this will prevent any bacteria passing from the food to the cook and will also, prevent bacteria passing from the cook to the food.

The hazard in a cooking environment would be food not been handled hygienically therefore, there could be a risk of bad bacteria passed in to the food which a child is going to consume in to there body. To prevent this, this is when p. P. Should be worn at all times when prep pairing and dishing up food in the setting. Preparation and cooking of food Hazards Cross contamination of high risk foods. Contamination by physical material and chemicals. Growth of bacteria/toxins in food substance. Allergic reactions to food substances. Food not cooked thoroughly and survival of bacteria.

Cleaning chemicals are kept separate from food preparation area. Choking Hazard; When food is in preparation in a childcare setting, the cook needs to consider textures of food for the children’s needs, due to some children can handle chunkier food than other children. Risk; If a child is given a plate of food consisting of chunks but are just to eating a plate of smooth blended food this could results in a child choking, To prevent this it is important for a parent to explain to the child care worker Is then aware of what texture of foods that child is able to handle. . Doors In a childcare setting doors should be closed at all times and have a code or voice operator on them that only the staff, child’s parents and careers are aware of, this is for child safety. Hazard; in an invent of the main door been left open , a stranger would then be able to attend the building. Risk; A child could be kid napped and none of the workers would know who had taken that child. To prevent this from happening all doors should be kept locked securely at all times.

People who might attempt to get in to the childcare setting pedophilia A parent who is not allowed near there child, who might have a court order on that child. A complete stranger. Doors in the childcare room hazard; It is also, extremely important doors in the childcare classroom and closed properly as a child is more then likely to play with the doors, risk; this could result in a child trapping their hands or fingers and could then cause an injure. To prevent this from happening, childcare workers should always be watching what the children are doing at all times and making sure all doors are closed or even have a lock on them. . Illness/infections and children with head lice In a childcare setting, children a likely to catch colds and illnesses from other children as all the infants are together in the same room. If a child has chicken pocks it is very likely other children are going to catch this as it is very contagious, To prevent this, infants should be kept at home away from the other children and staff until the chicken pocks start to clear. Another contagious Hazard in a childcare setting is head lice, Head lice are common in a childcare setting.

The tiny insects are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact or by sharing combs, brushes, towels, hats, helmets, and bedding; sharing personal items should be avoided. Lice are not dangerous and don’t carry disease; they infest the skin, especially the scalp, and cause extreme itchiness and rashes. These spread very quick and if a child is noticed with them, the childcare staff should have a quiet word with the child’s parent and that child should be sent home and treated with a head lice formula. However, the child should return to the childcare setting when the head lice has cleared up.

Things that can help prevent spreading of germs and bacteria in a childcare setting Wash your hands after handling sick children, changing nappies, helping children in the bathroom, before preparing food, before eating before leaving for the day. Frequently wash down tables, counters, and sinks with a mild bleach solution. Aprons reduce germ transmittal, especially with infant care. Consider vaccination against chicken pox, hepatitis B, measles, rubella, mumps, polio, tetanus, and epithelial, all of which can cause serious illness.

To prevent this from happening, all tables should be fitted securely with corner cushions and make sure they have been checked safely. Cupboards- hazard; In a childcare classroom there will be cupboards scattered about the room which will consist of numerous objects and activities e. G. Paint, pens. If cupboards are not safely securely closed a child would be able to access them the risk would be a child could get a pen out of the cupboard and this could result a child biting that pen and getting ink in their mouth.

To prevent this from happening cupboard catches should be fitted on to all the cupboards that the room consists of. 7. TOYS should be checked regularly and have many safety checks. Hazard; There could be a toy that has a small piece broken off it and a child worker hasn’t noticed. The risk is this could result in a child putting that small piece in their out, which then could lead the child to choke.

To prevent this from happening infants should be supervised at all times around the toys and the childcare workers should be checking the safety of the toys as well. Broken toys could result in; injure cuts bruising blood Hazard; A broken toy could have a Sharpe edge this risk to a infant could be them catching there self on the Sharpe edge which could result in a cut, which could lead to blood been drawn. To prevent this , if any toy is broken or damaged they should be removed from the children’s sign immediately to reduce the level of injuries.

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