Future tenses There are several different ways in English that you can talk about the future. This page is an introduction to the most important ones: – Predictions/statements of fact – Intentions – Arrangements – Scheduled events Predictions/statements of fact The auxiliary verb will is used in making predictions or simple statements of fact about the future. The sun will rise at 6. 30 tomorrow. Lunch break today will be 10 minutes longer than usual. In the year 2050 all students will have their own computers in school. If you help me, I will help you. Do you think she will come soon?
You won’t pass your exams if you don’t start working harder. I know my parent’s wont let me go to the party. Will it snow for Christmas? I know she’s sick, but will she be back in school tomorrow? Intentions The auxiliary verb going to is used in talking about intentions. (An intention is a plan for the future that you have already thought about. ) We’re going to buy a new car next month. I’m going to work in a bank when I leave school. In the new year I’m going to stop eating so much Junk. He’s not going to go to the dance. He’s got too much work. I’m not going to watch TV until my science project is finished.
Are you going to play basketball after school? What are you going to have for lunch today? Note: going to is often used in the past tense to talk about an unfulfilled intention. Examples: I was going to study for my grammar test, but I had no time. / He was going to call you, but he couldn’t find his mobile phone. / My grandmother was going to visit us, but she fell and broke her arm. Arrangements The present continuous tense is used in talking about arrangements. (An arrangement is is a plan for the future that you have already thought about and issued with someone else. I’m meeting my mother at the airport tomorrow. Our grandparent’s are visiting us this Christmas. Sorry, I can’t stay after school today; I’m playing tennis with June-Ski. My sister’s going to the dentist tomorrow. I’m not returning home for the holidays, so I can come to your party after all! Are you doing anything on Sunday morning? Do you know if he is going to the dance with Maims next week? Scheduled events The present simple tense is usually used to refer to future events that are scheduled (and outside of our control). Hurry up! The train departs in 10 minutes.
I leave Frankfurt at 5 o’clock in the morning and arrive in New York at midnight the She has an appointment with the headmaster after school today. There’s no need to hurry. The train doesn’t leave for another 30 minutes. When does the meeting begin? Below is a list of some of the less common tenses, followed in each case by examples. Note that the continuous tenses convey the idea of an event or state going on for a period of time: Present perfect continuous I have been working in the garden all day, and now I’m extremely tired. She has been living in a one-room apartment since she left home.
How long have you been playing the piano? He’s been learning German for two years, but he still can’t speak it very well. We’ve been painting our house since last Friday, but we’re still a long way from finishing. We haven’t been living in Germany very long. Why are you sweating? Have you been running? Past perfect continuous I had been working in the garden all day, and all I wanted to do was sleep. She had been living in a one-room apartment for a year before getting married. How long had you been playing the piano before the accident with your hand?
He’d been earning German for two years, but he stopped when he returned to Japan. We’d been painting our house for two weeks, but we were still a long way from finishing. Future continuous At this time next week I will be sitting in the plane on the way to New York. Don’t call me after 10 o’clock. I’ll be sleeping. If you want to see IMHO tomorrow, you will have to go to the school. She will be taking a test all afternoon. I wont be working on my car this weekend. My mother-in- law will be here. Future perfect I hope my mother will have finished cooking dinner by the time I get home.
You can come at 6 o’clock. I will have done my homework by then. There’s no point calling her at home. She will have left for work already. On June 25 2020 they will have been married for 60 years. Future perfect continuous By the time I retire I will have been working here for 45 years! If she reaches her 60th birthday, she will have been smoking for half a century! Future Tenses in English – Exercise 1 Principia del formulaic 1) The train leaves at 11:45. 2) We are going to have dinner at a nice restaurant on Saturday. 3) It will snow in the mountains tomorrow evening. On Sunday at 8 o’clock I am meeting my friend. 5) They are flying to London on Friday evening. 6) Wait! I will drive you to the station. 7) The English lesson starts at 8:45. 8) I am going to see my sister in April. At the door. I will open the door for you. Final del formulaic Simple Present / Simple Future Present Continuous / Future Continuous Correct! Well done. Your score is 69%. 1. Right now, I am watching TV. Tomorrow at this time, I (watch) will be watching TV as well. 2. Tomorrow after school, I (go) am going to go to the beach. 3. I am going on a dream vacation to Tahiti.