Ultimately, counselors must have a clear and precise understanding of laws, ethical codes, and agency policies to comply with conduct governing the behavior of professional counselors. Section I(A): Counselor Values-Abortion Abortion is a rather emotional topic. Many argue murder and senseless deprivation. As a professional counselor, my personal attitude towards abortion is neutral. I am not for it, nor am I against it. It all depends on the situation in which the pregnancy occurred and the stability’s the stability and mindset of the woman that is pregnant.
In the case I am handling, a 19-year-old rape victim had set her mind and is firm with the decision of having an abortion, but her parents are opposed to it, mainly because of their religion. First and foremost I would sympathize with my client as well as inform her of the biased counseling bills that are medically unnecessary and insulting to women (NAIF 2010). Georgia, the state in which I reside, enacted legislation specifically requiring that women be given information about the possibility of the perception of pain in the fetus after 20 weeks’ gestation (2010).
I would discuss with my client her alternatives and suggest that she carefully consider them. I would then speak with my client’s parents and allow them she is a 19-year-old rape victim with her entire life ahead of her. The parents should not abandon or disown their daughter because of the extent of her factorization. I would suggest that they undergo a series of counseling sessions as a family to assist them in moving forward from this tragic as a family.
My client have experienced a tremendous tragedy and is in a great deal of pain and do not wish to re-live this situation and she deserves to have the support, love, and respect from her parents. Section I(B): Gay Adoption In the case of John and Bill, a gay couple wanting to start a family, I think adopting a child would be more favorable than using a surrogate mother. Ultimately, the decision will solely be left up to John and Bill but using a surrogate mother could mean another person becoming attached and feeling an obligation to be a part of the child’s life.
As a gay couple, they are going to experience harassment and may even continue to be talked about. There are things that I would speak to John and Bill about in which they should take under consideration when planning a family. John ND Bill should have a plan for dealing with society’s attitude towards them (MANIC 2000). Children with gay or lesbian parents need to be taught when it is okay to tell people and when it is not (2000). I will advise John and Bill to be mentally prepared to counsel their child (Rene) because children of gay and lesbians are vulnerable to teasing and harassment, particularly as they approach adolescence (2000).
John and Bill should be well aware of the difficulties their child (Rene) may face because of their own experience of prejudice. Though the process may be difficult, a lot of gay peoples or lesbians see it as an opportunity for ongoing discussion that will help their child(Rene) grow as people (2000). Section 2: Client Rights A counselor has an obligation to protect their clients by any means necessary. This obligation should be willingly fulfilled by the counselor. Clients have an ongoing number of rights when it comes to being counseled. Though all those rights are important, there are several that I feel are most important.
A client has a right to be treated in a manner which is ethical and free from abuse, discrimination, mistreatment, and/or exploitation (Growl 2009). This means that as a counselor, I should not use a client’s story to write a book. I should not attempt to leverage the therapeutic relationship in an inappropriate manner (I. E. Sexually or romantically) (2009). L, as the counselor, should not pass Judgment upon the client based upon their background, race or handicaps. I will make sure that I keep my clients information confidential and remain professional at all times. A client has a right to be afforded privacy (2009).
A client’s session, (as well as all therapeutic sessions) are confidential and private and will not be overheard or shared with others. I will protect my client’s information and will not break his/her privacy/confidentiality. A client has a right to participate voluntarily in and to consent to treatment (2009). Counselors must remember that clients are in session voluntarily and should understand and consent to all treatment. Unless there have been court-ordered or other state imposed restrictions, clients have the right to know what is going on and how their treatment process will operate (2009).
A client also has the right to object have the right to leave at any time without any kind of repercussions (2009). I will inform my client of this right and will not force him/her to remain in session if he/she does not agree with it. Section 3: Responsibility to warn and protect As a counselor, the duty to warn and protect means that, in situations where there is clear evidence of danger to the client or other persons, I must determine the degree of seriousness of the threat and notify the person in danger and others who are in a position to protect person from harm (Corey & Callahan 2011).
The right to confidentiality ends where danger begins. Mary is a 28-year-old married woman who has come to me for counseling to cope with her recent diagnosis of HIVE. During the course of counseling, Mary discloses that she continues to be sexually active with her husband and the anonymous man who infected her. Mary has not disclosed her diagnosis to her husband. As a counselor, I have a duty to warn Marry husband, being that she insist on potentially harming him through risk of transmission of HIVE (Graphic 2013). John is a 16-year-old tenth grader who has come to my office to discuss his anger and hatred towards his stepfather.
John discloses that his stepfather is consistently yelling at him and threatening to hit him if he does not do like he asked. John expresses that he is afraid of his stepfather and would like to see him dead. John states that “one day I’m Just going to kill him”! As his counselor, I must protect John first but I also have to break confidentiality and protect the intended victim (Comer 2005), John’s stepfather. I have to inform John’s stepfather of John’s anger, hatred, and desired to potentially causing harm to him.
Under the duty to protect code, I can break therapist-client confidentiality because John is a specific threat to the identified individual (2005), his stepfather. Section 4: Client Record- Keeping Counselors have a professional and ethical responsibility to develop, maintain, and protect client’s records (PAPA 2007). Client record-keeping related to competent, ethical practice because counselors and all other people handling records must be properly trained regarding awareness of and compliance with ethical and legal standards when it comes to managing confidential client information (2007).
Accurate records document and reflect a counselor’s professional work as it relates to the treatment and progression of clients. A client’s contact information, client’s runner risk factors in relation to dangerousness to self or others, other treatments employed such as medication, and fees and billing information are components of a clinical record that I believe are most important for protecting the client’s right to a professional standard of care and protecting the counselor from liability. Section 5: Topic of Choice In section one I chose to speak on the topic of abortion.
This ethical issue would be rather challenging for me to manage in my future practice as a counselor. In this particular case, a 19-year-old rape victim had her mind set on having an abortion and as seeking counseling to help her parents cope with her decision. Her parents do not believe in abortion due to religious purposes and would disown her as their for me to try to convince the parents that their daughter is making the best decision because as a parent myself, I would stand by my daughter and be supportive, taking under consideration of how she became pregnant.
In order to overcome this challenge, I would seek more knowledge on family therapy. I would also seek consultation from my supervisor and fellow counselors on how to better counselor and treat clients and situations such as this one. Though I have spoken on several efferent topics throughout this paper, the ultimate lesson is the ethics and responsibilities of counselors. Counselors have codes that govern their behaviors as persons of direct social services.