Criminal Justice System Paper 1 Criminal Justice System Paper Jorge Mota CJS/200 Richard Daniels Criminal Justice System Paper 2 Criminal Justice System Criminal justice is concerned with the violation of criminal law and, strictly interpreted, deals with the enforcement and procedures of criminal law (Schmalleger, 1997). The two aims of the criminal justice system are to control crime and to assure due process.
There are three components to the criminal justice system, the police, courts and corrections. There are also three branches of government that interact with the criminal justice system through the nature of the functions that they perform: legislative, executive, and the judicial. The process of the criminal justice system is complicated but can be broken down in sequence; grand jury indictment, the arrest, the initial hearing, the bail hearing, the arraignment, plea negotiations, the trial, the verdict, sentencing and corrections.
The legislative branch is responsible for passing laws that define illegal behavior, setting sentences for violation of the laws and appropriating the money available for correctional operations. The executive branch is responsible for approving the laws passed by the legislators and is also responsible for enforcing the laws. The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the laws, ruling on lawsuits involving correctional supervision, and granting probation.
The police go beyond the control of crime and protection of society, they have the responsibility for investigating and apprehending individuals that are suspected of criminal acts. The courts are responsible for determining an arrest for delinquent behavior, there are clear roles for the State courts, Federal judiciary system, prosecutors, judges, and other stakeholders. Corrections main purpose is to punish known offenders. Other purposes for Corrections is to protect society and the rehabilitation of those charged with engaging in criminal acts.
Criminal Justice System Paper 3 Criminal Justice Process The criminal justice process starts with the complaint, information or grand jury indictment. The arrest can occur at either the scene of a crime or based on warrants or sworn statements ordering a courts appearance. After the arrest is made the law enforcement agencies present the complaint and information about the accused to the prosecutor, who will decide if formal charges should be filed with the court. Bail is typically determined at the bail hearing if it isn’t determined at the initial hearing.
The arraignment comes once a complaint, indictment or information has been filed with the trial court, it is the formal presentation of charges in open court and where the judge considers all evidence presented. Plea negotiations is where the prosecutor may offer the accused an arrangement where he or she will recommend a reduced term of incarceration or probation in exchange for a guilty plea. The trial (if a plea agreement is not reached), defendants have the constitutional right to a trial by jury.
The verdict is after the case is submitted to the jury for deliberation; the jurors retire to deliberate in secrecy and reach a verdict. Sentencing, the judge or jury decides on the sentence the defendant will serve if he or she is found guilty. Finally, corrections that entail the defendant serving his or her prison term, if one is imposed. The structure of the government relates directly to the criminal justice system because without structure everything else would be in disarray.
The structure of the government helps to convict criminal and keep society as safe as possible. Criminal Justice Paper 4 References The National Center for Victims of Crime. (2008). Get Help- Helping victims of crimes build their lives. Retrieved from http://www. ncvc. org/ncvc/AGP. Net/Components/documentViewer/Download. aspxnz? DocumentID=45713 Lawyers. com. (2011). The Criminal Justice Process. Retrieved from http://criminal. lawyers. com/Criminal-Law-Basics/The-Criminal-Justice-Process. html