Chapter

The Protestant Reformation in England led the Puritans to immigrate to America. Also, Old England was going through a hard economic time. Many were poor and unemployed, and this caused English men to seek a better life in the new world. The Spanish exploration, led by Christopher Columbus, led the way for other European countries to follow to the new world. The eastern coast of North America was colonized by English men of the same background and origin, but by the asses, the New England and Chesapeake regions have developed into two distinct nations.

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The two regions were founded for very different reasons. New England was founded for religious reasons because the Puritans were seeking religious freedom. Puritans came to America as families with the intention of staying, and they colonized New England (Doc B). Five separatists who broke from the Anglican Church founded Plymouth. Since the Puritans were seeking religious freedom, their motto was, “We shall be that city upon a hill. ” Connecticut was colonized by enthusiastic Puritans who wanted a closer relationship between the government and the church.

Rhode Island as also founded for religious freedoms by Roger Williams who protested against the Puritans strict toleration’s for freedom of worship (Doc A). The Chesapeake region was founded solely for economic reasons, and young single males were coming to find gold and get rich, without the intention of staying for long (Doc C). The health of the people was also varied between the two regions. In the Chesapeake region, explorers settled nears swamps, which helped to spread many diseases like malaria. New England was significantly healthier during this time period.

The farming and agriculture in New England was diversified because they had short growing seasons due to the long, cold winters. Crops were also grown on small farms. In contrast, the south had large plantations. Instead of growing multiple different crops, they grew one type of crop. In the Chesapeake the popular crop was tobacco, and southern plantations grew other cash crops, like indigo and rice. In New England there were no distinct social classes, and the people were all equal, which is totally different from how the southern colonies were.

The southern colonies had obvious, and distinct social classes. At the top of the ladder were the First Families of Virginia (Offs), or more commonly known as the planters. The Fop•s held most of the wealth in the south. Under them was the middle class, then poor white, the black society, and at the bottom of the ladder were the slaves. In New England, god was the way of life, and the church was everything. The Chesapeake region cared little about religion, and focused more on their economy and agriculture. New England had diverse wages and prices, and more evenly split the profits amongst all people.

New England put more of their attention to industry. Their economy was much more diverse, with industries like cod fishing, lumber, timber, shipbuilding and whaling, instead of focusing on one crop only, like they did in the Bread Colonies (Doc E). The plantations in the southern colonies did not have the diversity that New England offered. Instead they grew their cash crops, and only advantage of the poor, and black societies. The Fop•s were in charge of everything, and no one under them had any say. There was no equality in the southern colonies, which was proved by slavery (Doc H).

Slaves in these colonies were overworked on plantations. The slave owners treated them like they were worthless. Like the social and economic differences, the politics in New England and in the Chesapeake regions also varied. New England had a very centralized government, while the Chesapeake was completely the opposite, decentralized (Doc D). Among these differences were the education systems. New England based their education off of the bible, since the rest of their society was built around the bible. The Puritans allude education greatly.

To this day New England has the best education systems in the nation. They were also the first to found a college, Harvard, which was founded in 1636. They also had a law that stated that for every fifty families, and new school must be built. The middle colonies were not concerned about providing the public with education. Their first college, William and Mary, was not founded until 1693, 57 years after Harvard was founded. And in the southern colonies, children of Fop•s had tutors, but there were no public schools.

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