Week Five: psych posts How do these biases influence the impressions we form of others as we interact with them? In particular, to what extent and in what ways do these biases influence our perceptions of the identities and goals of those with whom we interact? What are some possible explanations for the existence of these biases? Be sure to discuss the ways in which motivational and cognitive factors possibly affect attributions. We have all heard sayings such as “don’t Judge a book by its cover”, from our parent’s, teachers, siblings and mentors.
I personally think that it is a natural habit to Judge or question when trying to figure someone out during the first interaction we have with him or her. Not saying that it is the right thing to or that it has to be in a materialistic way, but I think it is common for humans to get a sense of another. Granted, I think the quick assumptions that we make have a lot to do with the way in which we were brought up. As our textbook explains, the assumptions that we usually make are fast and are usually in error. It truly does take a long time to get to know someone and as our parent’s have told us we shouldn’t Judge a book by its cover.
When we first see money we should work not to Judge someone right away. Being a girl this usually consists of their appearance, clothing choice, attitudes and behaviors as well as what they first say to you. A great example of this happened to me today. As I got up to get to class this morning I really wasn’t feeling well and got an awful night of sleep. Considering my first class was at 8 am this morning, I didn’t feel like putting on makeup or wearing nice clothes. So I t-shirt and shorts had to do with my hair in a messy bun. During my 8 am class it wasn’t a big deal since the majority of the class cooked the way I did.
But, as I went to my next class I noticed most people looking at me as though I was a mess. I could tell that my teacher and classmates were making the assumption that I was a mess or maybe that I went out to drink last night. I was annoyed because none of them could tell that I was feeling rather sick and that I really didn’t get much sleep at all. This is an example of people letting the bias that we have of others influence the way in which we interact with people. Just because I wasn’t dressed, as a nice college student doesn’t mean I wasn’t willing to learn or articulate in class.
Biases are a very natural things and everyone has one. Everyone is guilt of making too-quick Judgments of others based on outward appearances. People have a tendency to interpret, seek, and create information in ways that verify their already existing beliefs. According to Keenan and Adverts, people frequently use cognitive heuristics to quickly make Judgments of others, and are more likely to make a mistake within their Judgments (Kissing). Once an impression made people tend to “stick to their guns” and when opposing opinions are presented.
Confirmation biases are applied when people seek and create information that will confirm their existing beliefs. The first type of confirmation bias is perseverance of belief. This is a result of impressions that will persist in the face of opposing evidence. Confirmatory her beliefs. Lastly, the self-fulfilling prophecy is a three step-process that starts with a perceiver and an expectation. The perceiver acts accordingly to the expectation and then the target adjusts to the perceivers actions (Kissing). I strongly believe that the social cues we have learned from families and pees provide for the existing eases there are today.
I grew up right outside of Washington, DC. I feel as though I was very affected by the pressure and cliques in my area. In order to fit in with “the right crowd” you had to dress, act, and think in a certain way to be accepted. I think overall this chapter was a great reminder and a lesson to that the assumptions that we make about people aren’t right and you really cannot get to know someone with just one interaction. Reference: Citation: Kissing, S. , Feint, S. , & Markus, H. R. (2011). Social psychology. (8th De. , up. 02-21). Belmont: Headwords.