Baghdad Battery

Notre Dame Of Greater Manila Madre Ignacia Avenue, Grace Park East, Caloocan City, Philippines Investigatory Project Entitled: Electrical Activity of Copper and Electrolytes Submitted by:Submitted to: Jyrus Cimatu Mrs. Maquimay Jamil Mongcal Wreccsor Cestina I. Introduction Philippines have always been a target of tropical cyclones and calamities. And let’s admit it; we are not always ready when it comes to disasters. Resources are scarce when we need it. Fortunately, we Filipinos have a knack of being street-smart and resourceful.

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We can turn any trash to treasure, we can succeed from rags to riches and we already proved that to the world. From any kind of liquids that contains electrolytes, we can produce electric current out from it. Following an experiment from the Mesopotamians and today’s modern, “fruit battery”, we have constructed a simple machine that can be used at any time of need. Background Of The Study A thorough research for an exemplary Functional Investigatory Project that could be used as an inspiration came from the media such as the television and internet.

Several other researches were also found but they were very elementary and therefore not suitable for our level. However, browsing through the television channels, one program caught the researcher’s attention. The certain television channel was History Channel and the host was investigating battery that could have proven that Alessandro Volta was not the first person to conduct electricity. Scholars are investigating how the Ancient Egyptians go through the pyramid tombs. Since there was little oxygen, flame cannot be produced, leaving only one type of hieroglyphic to be based upon.

A drawing of a giant light bulb. The researcher’s interest in producing light in spite of short resources sparked to help Filipinos in times of distress. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study of Electrical Activity of Copper and Electrolytes aims to answer the following questions: 1. ) Will the electrolytes achieve the same luminosity like a flashlight? Or is it enough to start up other simple gadgets? 2. ) Which of the other electrolytes (vinegar, orange juice) would achieve a good voltage? Hypothesis Based on the following circumstances and problems, the researchers have formulated the following hypotheses: . Because vinegar has much higher concentration than orange juice it will do better than the latter when it comes to voltage. 2. Using vinegar as a substitute for electrolyte, we think that vinegar can only produce half a volt. Significance Of The Study Economical Benefits If found effective, this can be an alternative to those living in the province who relies heavily on expensive battery. Since vinegar comes from sugarcanes, coconut trees etc. They can easily have a source of power and an additional source of income. Environmental Impact

We have just stated earlier that instead of consuming batteries, we can plant trees and plants therefore economizing and helping the environment the same time. Since Philippines is an agricultural country, we must maximize our natural resources so we can be progressive. Future Research If this functional project succeeds, it can be foundational to other researchers who will try to expand the uses of electrolytes. This paper can be an exceptional reference for future researchers who will endeavor to further understand and pioneer the way for electricity.

Scope and Limitations The study on Electrical Activity Of Copper and Electrolytes only focus on the effects of electrolytes on whether will it be able to conduct and produce an electric current. We will only use electrolytes, vinegar, and orange juice as our variables. Definition Of Terms Electrolytes – it is pertaining to any substance that has free ions that make it electrically conductive. Copper – it is a ductile metal with very high and thermal conductivity. It is also a constituent on many types of alloys.

Metal – it is a good conductor of heat and electricity and forms cations and ionic bonds with non-metals. Clay – naturally occurring aluminum silicate composed primarily of fine- grained minerals. Clay deposits are mostly composed of clay minerals, a subtype of phyllosilicate minerals, which impart plasticity and harden when fired or dried; they also may contain variable amounts of water trapped in the mineral structure by polar attraction. CHAPTER II Review Of Related Literature The Baghdad battery was the foundation of this project and Baghdad batteries were built by Ancient Parathions.

There is still no exact proof on where the Parathions were able to use it since there were no wires found for the electric current to flow. The battery is composed of a clay pot, a copper tube enclosing a half inch metal tube and an asphalt stopper as a resistor. Inside the clay, there is a solution which contains electrolytes such as vinegars and juice. Scholars found out that the Parathions first ferment their wine as so that the wine will contain more free ions. And the copper tube together with the metal tube helps the electric current flow.

Recent pioneering includes charcoal and wood sand as an alternative helping increase electric current by 2 volts. (Source: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Baghdad_Battery July 28, 2011) Baghdad Battery The Build Team created several copies of the Baghdad Battery, an archaeological find which seems to suggest that ancient Babylonians were the first to use batteries. The ancient people of Babylon created a crude battery for use in… Myth statement| Status| Notes| … electroplating. | Plausible| An overnight plating of zinc over copper seemed to work very well. | … acupuncturetherapy. Plausible| The electricity from the batteries was felt through the acupuncture needles, though the needles eventually grew hot, causing the Build Team to theorize this technique also being used as a form of torture. | … testing spiritual resolve. | Plausible| While the ancient batteries were not used on the recreation Ark of the Covenant due to their weak charge (approximately a third of a volt each, or almost 4 volts for a set of ten), Adam theorized that, if any charge was felt with the batteries, the ancient people would believe it to be of divine origin due to their lack of knowledge about electricity.

Instead of the batteries, the Build Team wired the ark to the electric source used in the Peeing on the Electric Fence myth, surprising Adam with a nasty shock (They later apologized to him, seeing how painful and potentially dangerous it was). | (Source: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/MythBusters_(season_3)#Baghdad_Battery) Ancient Battery Technology Adapted for Modern Battlefields South Korean developers have adapted 2,000-year-old battery technology for modern warfare. The device, known as MetalCell, is a backup power source that runs on sodium and can keep a laptop charged for more than four hours, its maker says.

The design is relatively simple: a small, ruggedized box with magnesium plates inside. If an electrical gadget — anything from a computer to a flashlight — runs out of energy, a soldier on the battlefield could pour saltwater into the MetalCell and use the device as an emergency power source. Soldiers in the field have salt in their Meal, Ready-to-Eat packages. Urine could also be used to power the device, says Art Morgan, CEO of the Northern Virginia-based company SEG Inc. , which represents the product in the United States. The sodium reacts with the magnesium to produce low-voltage power. You can pack away the device and let it sit for years until you need it,” Morgan says. The concept is similar to ancient technology, known as the Bagdad battery, that some anthropologists believe was developed in Iraq thousands of years ago. Nobody knows how these batteries were used. The standard MetalCell model costs about $200 and can be recharged with salt water until the magnesium plates deteriorate. The company is also marketing disposable models that are cheaper — about $120 — and come with salt tablets. Source (http://www. survivalistboards. com/showthread. php? t=108476) CHAPTER III Methodology

Materials * One clay pot; approximately 8 inches tall * ? inch wide metal tube * Copper tube * Electrolyte solution (Gatorade) * Multi tester * Cork or asphalt stopper The experimental setup would be: First, fill the clay pot with the electrolyte solution until it is half-full. Then, on top of the clay, insert the copper and metal tube. In order to check if the setup is working we will test it with a multi testr. Fig 2: Fill pot with electrolyte solution Fig 1: Gather clay pot Fig 3: Put the stopper on top the pot. Fig 4: Put the copper and metal tube through the stopper. Fig 5: Test the device.

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