Autism

Autism is a complex development disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. This is a result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. Autism and its associated behaviours have been estimated to occur in 1 in 500 individuals. Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than in girls and knows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries. This lifelong disorder interferes with the ability to understand what is said, what is seen and what is touch. The degree of impairment varies from each individual. There is a full spectrum of symptoms ranging from mild to serve
SOCIAL INTERACTION-
Relationships and commination skills such as eye to eye gazing, facial expressions and body posture.
Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interest or achievements with other people.

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VERBAL AND NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION-
Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.
Problems taking steps to start conversation. People with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it??™s begun.
Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase that have heard previously.
Difficulty understanding their listener??™s prospective. For example a person may not understand that someone is using humour. They may interpret the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning.

LIMITED INTERESTS IN ACTIVITIES OR PLAY-
An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of a toy, such as the wheels on a car rather than playing with the entire toy.
Preoccupation with certain topic. Older children and adults maybe fascinated in video games, trading cards or licence plates.
Stereotyped behaviour??™s. These may include body rocking and hand flapping and crying without tears.
But every person with autism is an individual and all have a unique personality and combination of characteristics. They process and respond to information in different ways. Their abilities fluctuate from day to day depending on the amount of anxiety and processing of information. They may learn one day and not the next, also they may have extraordinary abilities in one or more areas such people are considered to be geniuses.
There is no cure for autism but there are alternative treatments and effective approaches to help people with autism to reach their fullest potential. This includes various educational resources, vitamins, enriched drugs and exercises available.
The main goals when treating children with autism are to lessen associated deficits and family distress, and to increase quality of life and function independence. No single treatment is best and treatment is typically tailored to the child needs. Families and educational system are the main resources for treatment. Intensive, sustained special education programs and behaviour therapy early in life can help children acquire self-care, social, and job skills, and often improve functioning and decrease symptom severity and behaviours. It has been claimed that intervention by around the age of 3 years is crucial and not substantiated. Available approaches include applied behaviour analysis, developmental models, structured teaching, speech and language therapy, social skills therapy, and occupational therapy.

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