Arnold Gessel Biography

Arnold Gesell was born in Alma, Wisconsin on June 21, 1880. His father was a photographer and his mother a teacher. He was the eldest of five children. He had two brothers and two sisters. Arnold Gesell often shared in the responsibility of caring for his four siblings. These intimate associations apparently influenced his own future due to the panorama of human development that unfolded before him. (National Academy of Sciences [NAS], 1964) Growing up in the town of Alma, Gesell observed a variety of traumatic experiences; ravaging illnesses, menacing quarantines, continual alcoholism, and accidental drowning, witnessing a mass amount of death at young age (Dalton, 2005, p. 182). Gesell noted, ???These strange and sobering experiences possessed psychological significance, as they cumulatively left a deposit of impressions, which sensitized a background for my clinical studies in later life??? (Dalton, 2005, p. 183).
Arnold graduated school in 1896. During the commencement Gesell demonstrated a flash-bang climax by filling a test tube with hydrogen and igniting it. For the encore he designed a large electromagnet that gently lifted his feet off the stage. (NAS, 1964) At sixteen, Arnold Gesell was granted the opportunity to attend a teacher??™s institute in Alma. He became familiar with Mr. C. H. Sylvester and developed a strong personal relationship. Sylvester became Gesell??™s mentor while attending Stevens Point high school. (NAS, 1964) Arnold Gesell graduated from Stevens Point in 1899. After graduation, Gesell became a teacher in U.S. history, ancient history, German, accounting, and commercial geography at Stevens Point. (NAS, 1964) Gesell took pleasure in teaching, but his own intellectual ambitions were not being full filled.
Arnold Gesell attended the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1902. At the University, Gesell studied under Frederick Jackson Turner. Turner motivated Gesell to write his senior thesis unrestricted, ???A Comparative Studying of Higher Education in Ohio and
Wisconsin.??? (NAS, 1964) In 1903, Arnold graduated from University of Wisconsin with a B.Ph. degree (Dalton, 2005, p. 183). After graduation, Arnold became principal at a high school in Chippawa Falls, Wisconsin. Gesell describes that year as ???a body of lively students??? formulating a successful year. (NAS, 1964) Here more about article summary the pestel analysis.
A psychology instructor, Edgar Swift, encouraged Gesell to attend Clark University (Dalton, 2005, p. 184). With Swift??™s reference letter and assistance of a tuition scholarship, Gesell attended Clark University for the next two years. He was enrolled in the Ph.D. program of psychology. Gesell was enrolled in several of President G. Stanley Hall courses. Previously Hall had organized at The Johns Hopkins University, a department of psychology including a lab. (NAS, 1964) Hall accentuated his lectures and studies on the investigation of the abilities and mental traits of children. (NAS, 1964) Hall was known as the founder of new science, ???child study.??? (NAS, 1964) Gesell wrote his doctoral thesis in this equivalent convention, a research on jealously. (NAS, 1964) Arnold was awarded his Ph.D. degree at Clark in 1906 (Dalton, 2005, p.185).
After graduating from Clark University, Arnold Gesell became an elementary school teacher and defrayal worker at East Side House in New York City. In 1907, he went back to his home state to teach psychology at the State Normal School of Platteville.(NAS, 1964) Surrounded by talent educators, Gesell would meet and marry his wife Beatrice Chandler on February 18, 1909. That summer, Gesell and his wife taught the Pennsylvania Training School for Feeble-Minded Children. (NAS, 1964) Gesell also spent time at reviewing work at the Vineland Training School at Vineland, New Jersey. Gesell marked his experience at Vineland as, ???the beginning of his professional interest in backward and defective children.??? (NAS, 1964)
While teaching in Los Angeles, Gesell realized he needed a stronger educational background in rearward children. He thought that this goal would be superlative by studying medicine. In 1910-1911, he studied human anatomy and histology at the University of Wisconsin. (NAS, 1964) During this time Gesell was invited to become an assistant professor of education at Yale University. At Yale, Gesell was able to teach at the graduate school and complete his own studies in the Medical Department. (NAS, 1964) A few of Gesell??™s colleges felt sympathetic with his plans to study retarded children that they provided him with a room in the New Haven Dispensary. In 1911, the ???psycho- clinic??? for children was established (Duchan, 2001-2008). The New Haven Dispensary comprised the beginning of the Yale Clinic of Child Development. Gesell was the director of the Yale Clinic of Child Development from 1930-1948 (Duchan, 2001-2008). This clinic was the predecessor of the Child Study Center at the Yale School of Medicine (Duchan, 2001-2008).

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